At the 11th century, the body of the castle had of another opening only of all small windows.
Broader windows were bored fine 15th, beginning 16th when the fortress was transformed into residence seigneuriale.
The large windows, they, were bored at the beginning of 20th.
Moreover, at the 11th century, the roofs were covered with stone slabs.
With 15th, one removed the means of defense of the castle, and the roofs, pointed like that of the keep, were covered with tiles.
With the Revolution, the revolutionists reflect fire thinking there that the castle would entirely burn. Fortunately, the attic was covered with floor tiles which prevented fire from being propagated.
The roofs were then rebuilt but the cost of rebuilding did not make it possible to rebuild them all in pepper plantation (only the keep was rebuilt with identical).
At the 16th century, the owners wishing to have an opening on the ditches destroyed the building which was vis-a-vis the Western frontage of the castle and, with the stones of recovery, built the hexagonal tower which decorates this frontage.
This tower was built to allow an entry of full foot (before the 16th century, the owners were obliged to return by the cellars, to go up to the ground floor by a staircase dug in the stone, and they reached the first and the second floors by scales which they hoisted after their passage, safety in the event of attack).
It also made it possible to reach on the floors thanks to the staircase volutes builds out of stones of Volvic. This staircase, very particular, does not have a central pillar; it was built at the same time as the tower and each walk is enchased in the walls (only a pillar being in the cellars supports the staircase).
Mr de CADIER de VEAUCE
Château des Martinanches
63520 Saint Dier D'Auvergne
Tél/Fax: 04 73 70 81 98
Site internet: http://www.chateau-des-martinanches.com